I agree that SQL errors or any internal errors should be kept away from the users. So when you say you are not in debug mode, did you mean that you have commented out the YII_DEBUG portion in your index.php?If not, comment those lines and you should not see any details when the error is prompted.
// remove the following lines when in production mode <--
defined('YII_DEBUG') or define('YII_DEBUG',true);
// specify how many levels of call stack should be shown in each log message
defined('YII_TRACE_LEVEL') or define('YII_TRACE_LEVEL',3);
Your function loadModel is designed to receive an INT id, so maybe you can try removing the ‘(int)’ part of the loadModel to see if the exception can handle even if you pass 582gg as a value of your primary key.
As to your question about SQL attacks, I don’t think a hacker can inject something in loadModel, since it is only querying. Maybe someone who has more knowledge about this can explain it to us better
The (int) $id expression in loadModel() always casts value “582gg” to 582 but the error message talks about “column 582gg” which means that loadModel() wasn’t called in the second case but some unwanted action was. It indicates a routing problem, check your routing rules (id=582gg doesn’t match <id:\d+>).
I agree extending CDbCommand is the wrong approach. I should not have to even consider doing that.
Interestingly enough right above that handling errors entry is a section that reads
Info: When the application runs in production mode, all errors including those internal ones will be displayed using view errorXXX. This is because the call stack of an error may contain sensitive information. In this case, developers should rely on the error logs to determine what is the real cause of an error.
So you can see the intent to not display sensitive information is there, it just didn’t quite get implemented that way. I expect that when an sql error occurs in production mode that the default error display mode will be to display only error 500 with no details about why the error occurred. Then if I want more information displayed that is when I should add error handlers. The default should be to show the least.
Yii gives full freedom to developers. It gives you all relevant data about errors.
Its up to you to show what you want. Let’s say you have application running in production mode and Yii provide some poor error message. But you, as a developer, needs to know when some error occurred. You want eg to store error message in database, or eg email error message to administrator. And assume for performance reasons you disabled CFileLogRoute. How would you know error message?
So solution is simple as I described in previous post.
Catch the error, show some fancy message to user, and for yourself - keep tracking everything.
You should properly configure your ini file so PHP don’t display PHP errors to user. It’s not error_reporting(0). Study that for a while, and one interested feature of Yii’s error handling - PHP errors (yes errors not exceptions) are automatically assigned error code 500
really? you disagree with errors being off by default for sql but not for php!
Perhaps you may have misunderstood my intent here. I have one and only one issue on this thread, the display of SQL error information by default. I was initially disagreeing with machinagin’s assertion that sql detail display had been fixed and agreeing with macinville’s post that sql errors should be kept away from users.
I am not, nor have I in this post, suggested anything about developer freedom. That’s your words, not mine.
I also have no truck with error 500 being displayed. That’s a standard HTTP error.
Since you linked
to an error 500 page that doesn’t show internal error details it’s not clear what you disagree with.
It’s information tacked onto the end of the 500 about the SQL error, even that there was one, being displayed by default that I take issue with. My stance is that internal error reporting, of any kind, should be OFF by default on production systems.
A developer still has just as much control if internal error messages are OFF by default. The developer can change that or not afterwards, as desired.
BTW the topic here is not PHP errors, they are irrelevant to the subject at hand which is SQL errors. The only relevancy is that php.net recommends for PHP what I recommend as a default for SQL and all internal errors:
Seems like you didn’t understand me what I intend to say.
If you follow recommendations from php.ini file and turn off displaying errors (its all clear written in that file) what is result of that? If PHP Error occurs you will get blank screen. Nothing at all. Instead of blank screen you can still show some more user friendly screen to end users. With the usage of that 500 error code from a link I posted, you can process it in a switch statement as well as all other exceptions thrown(eg 404, 403, 400…).
So my resume is, Yii will give you full information about error, you can process it and finally display your own message to end users. That’s what I meant when I (I said that, not you ) said developers freedom.
One simple example.
// (1) somewhere is thrown CDbException with error code 500 (Yii throws it - actually PDO :-) if you want more precision )
// (2) somewhere an PHP Error occurred with error code 500 as shown on my link
$variable = $model->property; // Trying to get property of non-object let's say for example
// (3) somewhere you throw CHttpException with error code 404
throw new CHttpException(404); // message will be assigned in switch statement
// somewhere in your error action
$error['message'] = 'Bad Request...';
$error['message'] = 'Access Denied...';
$error['message'] = 'Not Found...'; // here is CHttpException (3)
$error['message'] = 'Internal Error...'; // here is CDbException (1) and all PHP Errors (2)
$error['message'] = 'Some default message...';
// somewhere in your error view file
Do you see something? You can catch for example $error[‘type’] - CDbException and write message Everything is perfectly ok…, but for other 500 errors you can write Internal Error blah blah blah…
That is what I’m trying to say.
As you can see, Yii has great error handling system, because all errors (Exceptions and PHP Errors) can be caught in one simple error action.
I have really nothing more to say, and I will always try to help.
I apologize to all members if these posts went too offtopic, but maybe someone found something useful in our posts.